12 Signs and Symptoms Of Anemia Causes And Treatment

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Anemia- Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diet, and Treatment

Iron Deficiency Anemia is a term which defined as a condition in which the amount of red blood cells decreases in the body. In simple terms, it is a blood disorder which is due to the destruction of red blood cells. Nowadays every single individual is suffering from iron deficiency. The reason behind this is that people are not concentrating on a healthy diet. In this modern era due to the busy schedule people usually skip their meals and due to this, they undergo from the problem of iron deficiency anemia. The symptoms which can arise are headaches, pale skin or chest pain etc.

This can also act as a source of entrance for other major diseases. The abnormal increase rate of red blood cell, as well as breakdown or loss, can affect the overall functionality of the body.

12 Signs and Symptoms Of Iron Deficiency Anemia:

  1. Unusual Tiredness:

Tiredness acts as a primary symptom of iron deficiency of Anemia it mainly targets those people who suffer from a shortage of Iron content in there meal. This is because iron is an essential content for the formation of a protein known as hemoglobin which is generally available in red blood cells. Hemoglobin acts like carriers which take oxygen in an overall part of the body.

If the hemoglobin level is not up to the mark, then there will be less supply of oxygen. Hence the tissues or muscles get deprived and body will become weak. Due to this, the heart will work harder to transit the oxygen-rich blood all around your body. It is quite tough to diagnose iron deficiency anemia with the symptom of tiredness. However, people suffering from Anemia can also experience weakness, feeling irritable, and difficulty in concentrating or poor productivity at work.

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  1. Paleness:

Pale skin, as well as the yellowish color of lower eyelids, is the other major sign of iron deficiency Anemia. This paleness can be easily visualized in overall parts of the body. Or sometimes it can only appear in limited areas, such as gums, face, lower eyelids, or inside the lips and even on the nails.

  1. Shortness of Breath:

Hemoglobin permits the red blood cells to pass the oxygen around your body. When the level of hemoglobin decreases during Anemia; the oxygen level also becomes low. Thus the muscles will not able to get an adequate amount of oxygen to perform day to day activities, even walking. Due to this, there will be an increase in breath rate as the body tries to acquire more oxygen. So, on an important note, it’s necessary to diagnose a problem if you are finding a problem in normal activities such as climbing stairs, working out etc.

  1. Headaches and Dizziness:

A patient suffers from dizziness, lightheadedness or even weakness continuously. The fact hidden behind a regular headache or faintness is that enough amounts of oxygen cannot reach to the brain. Thus due to this, the blood vessels present in the brain can swell by an increased rate of pressure or headaches. There are different types of headaches such as frequent, recurrent headaches as well as dizziness and this could be a sign of Anemia.

  1. Heart Palpitations:

Heart palpitations are also one of the symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia. We all are aware of the fact that hemoglobin is a protein available in red blood cells that transports oxygen in all around the body.

So a decrease in hemoglobin level indicates that the heart has to put extra force to carry oxygen. It can lead to the irregularity of heartbeats.

  1. Dry and Damaged Hair and Skin:

Hair loss or damage skin is considered as the alarming sound of iron deficiency Anemia. It takes place when the body is iron deficient, or there is no proper supply of oxygen and hence body is not able to perform important functions, along with organs as well as other bodily tissues. The very first indication of damaging is they become dry or weak. You can feel these changes while washing and brushing, the losing clumps or other issues are due to Anemia.

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  1. Swelling and Soreness of the Tongue and Mouth:

Signs of iron-deficiency anemia can be easily seen on the tongue or inside the mouth. The sign such as inflamed, swollen, pale or strangely smooth skin is due to the low level of hemoglobin in Anemia. Thus the decrease levels of myoglobin can make it sore, smooth or even swollen.

  1. Restless Legs:

It takes place due to unpleasant conditions such as strange crawling as well as itchy sensations in all around areas of feet or even legs. The circumstances become worse at night, thus sufferers have to struggle a lot with getting enough amount of sleep. Around 25% of people undergo restless leg syndrome.


  1. Brittle or Spoon-Shaped Fingernails:

Brittle or we can say a spoon-shaped fingernail is not a common symptom which arises in every people. It is commonly known as koilonychia which is not particularly seen. The brittle nails are easily chipped or can crack easily. During a spoon-shaped nail, the middle nail dips or edges become round like a spoon. It is a most severe case of iron-deficiency anemia which you appear in very few people.


  1. Strange Cravings:

The craving for eating several items such as dirt, clay, chalk, ice, or paper is a major symptom which you can notice in the patient of iron deficiency anemia. Hankering for eating foods or non-food items are also known as “pica.” Generally, it occurs in women during pregnancy.


  1. Feeling Anxious:

The less supply of oxygen to body tissues during iron deficiency anemia can also give rise to anxiety. This generally tends to improvise iron levels.


  1. Cold Hands and Feet:

Cold hands and feet due to anemia, this means less amount of oxygen is delivered to overall parts of the body.


What Causes Iron Deficiency Anemia?

Causes of iron deficiency anemia are:

  • Gastrointestinal conditions take places such as hemorrhoids, ulcers cancer, and even gastritis
  • Use ofnon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin and ibuprofen
  • Menstrual bleeding

Important note: Red blood cells present in the human body have a lifespan of near about 120 days inside the bloodstream. They can be easily destroyed or removed beforehand.

Excessive hemolysis (red blood cell breakdown) can occur because of various reasons:

  • Infections
  • Snake or spider venom
  • Toxins produced through the advanced kidney or liver disease
  • Vascular grafts and prosthetic heart valves
  • Enlargement of the spleen
  • Clotting disorders


The main question which instantly arises in your mind will be what to Do If suffering from Iron Deficient?

Thus it is important to consider the given advice.

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  1. Talk to Your Doctor

If signs or symptoms of iron deficiency Anemia appear in your body, then firstly make an appointment to visit a doctor. Through a simple blood test, you can find the results in a certain interval of time if you are suffering from iron-deficiency anemia.

After a confirmation of Doctor try to intake proper amount of iron in your diet or can try for iron supplements.


For the treatment, one can easily take help of natural methods or can intake the supplements in the proper amount. It helps to restore hemoglobin levels or replenish iron stores.

It’s important that you should try to recover through natural methods by taking real food or healthy nutrients in your diet. Prefer to take supplements if your doctor recommends them.

Home Remedies:

Eat Iron-Rich Food act as a home remedy if suffering from iron-deficiency:

  • Dark green, leafy vegetables, such as spinach and kale
  • Red meat, pork, and poultry
  • Peas, beans, and other pulses
  • Iron-fortified foods
  • Seafood
  • Dried fruit, such as raisins and apricots
  • Seeds and nuts


  • Try to take vitamin C rich food it will helpful for your body to absorb the iron in a better way. For vitamin C-rich foods you can prefer fruits and vegetables.
  • Take Iron Supplements If Recommended by Doctor, if you are taking an iron supplement, then prefer to drink enough amount of orange juice which can boost iron absorption.
  • Some supplements can even show their side effects such as stomach pain, constipation or diarrhea, heartburn, nausea and black stools.

According to medical reports in men, the hemoglobin level should be near about 13.5 gram/100 ml. whereas in the female the ratio of hemoglobin should be around 12.0 gram/100 ml. So it is important to diagnose a problem if any of the above symptoms arise in your body.


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